长颈鹿

2017-06-08 13:23:17 | 

长颈鹿ChangJingLu

学 名:Giraffa camelopardalis 

英文名:Giraffe

分 类:偶蹄目  长颈鹿科

分 布:非洲撒哈拉沙漠以南的大部分地区

生活习性:是世界上最高的动物,生活在稀树草原和森林边缘地带,好合群,有时和羚羊、斑马等混群;以各种树叶为食。胆小、自卫能力较差;主要在晨昏活动,白天常常站着睡觉,偶尔也躺下。长颈鹿步伐与众不同,同侧前后肢同时迈步,时速可达56公里/小时。繁殖季节不固定,孕期为14-16个月,每胎1仔,双胞胎极少见,3-5岁性成熟,寿命约30年。

Scientific name: Giraffa camelopardalis

English name: Giraffe

Category: Artiodactyla  Giraffidae

Distribution: Most of the sub Saharan Africa.

Habits: The giraffe is the highest animal in land. Live in the savanna and forest edge. Are social and sometimes gather around with Antelope, Zebra etc. feeding on all kinds of leaves. They are very timid with poor defense ability. Are crepuscular animals, usually stand to sleep and occasionally lie down during the day. The pace of giraffe is out of the ordinary, they move the same side limbs at the same time, and the speed could be up to 56 km/h. The breeding season is not fixed .The gestation period is 14 to 16 months. They have one baby at a birth, rarely born twins. They reach Sexual maturity at 3 to 5 years old .The life span is about 30 years.