白鹤

2017-06-09 13:58:22 | 

白鹤 Bai He

学 名:Grus leucogeranus

英文名:Siberian White Crane

分 类:鹤形目  鹤科

分 布:中国长江中下游地区,国外见于俄罗斯西伯利亚、印度、伊朗、阿富汗、日本等地。

生活习性:白鹤栖息于开阔平原、苔原的河、湖、池、沼等浅水水域。成对或结小群,迁徙时集大群,日行性,性机警、胆怯。以植物叶、嫩芽、茎、块根等为食,偶食软体动物、甲壳类和昆虫。繁殖期6-8月,营巢于沼泽地土丘或水中小岛上,每窝产1-2卵。寿命约50-60年。白鹤为国家一级保护动物。

Scientific name: Grus leucogeranus

English name: Siberian White Crane

Category: Gruiformes   Gruidae

Distribution: Siberian White Crane distributes in the middle and lower reaches of ChangJiang River in China, Siberia, India, Iran, Afghanistan and Japan.

Habits: Inhabits in shallow marshlands and wetlands. They usually migrate  in pairs,are very diurnal and vigilant that feed mainly on plants although they are omnivorous. Lays eggs between July to August, the nest is usually on the edge of lake in boggy ground and usually surrounded by water. The clutch size is 1-2, life span is around 50-60 years. Siberian White Crane is the first-class national protected animal.