黑颈鹤

2017-06-09 14:03:19 | 

黑颈鹤Hei Jing He

 名:Grus nigricillis

英文名:Black-necked Crane

 类:鹤形目 鹤科

 布:繁殖地在我国青藏高原,越冬地在云贵高原、西藏南部,极少数在不丹、印度越冬。

生活习性:黑颈鹤栖息地一般在海拔2000-5000m的草甸、沼泽、湖畔、河滩及农田,是世界上唯一的高原鹤类。食物以植物性食物为主,如草根、青稞、洋芋等,有时也吃蛙、昆虫和小鱼。产卵期在5-6月,多产2枚卵,孵化期30-31天。黑颈鹤为国家一级保护动物。

Scientific name: Grus nigricillis

English name: Black-necked Crane

Category: Gruiformes  Gruidae

Distribution: Breeds on the Tibetan Plateau and winters mainly in Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau and remote parts of India and Bhutan.

Habits: The Black-necked Crane summers mainly in the high altitude of 2000-5000 meters paddy fields, grassy tidal flats, and they also eat earthworms, insects, frogs and other small vertebrates. Eggs are laid mainly in May and June. Each hatch is about one or two eggs. Incubation is from 30 to 31 days. Black-necked Crane is the first-class national protected animal.