灰冠鹤

2017-06-09 14:03:52 | 

灰冠鹤 Hui Guan He

 名:Balearicaregulorum

英文名:Grey Crowned Crane

 类:鹤形目 鹤科

 布:非洲东部和南部

生活习性:灰冠鹤(又名东非冠鹤)栖居在沼泽湿地,集群,日行性,晨昏活跃,行动优雅、缓慢,常在浅水处觅食。候鸟。以鱼、蛙、昆虫等小型水生动物为食,兼食水生植物。窝产卵2-3枚,孵化期26-31天,早成鸟,2-3岁性成熟。受CITES附录Ⅱ保护。

Scientific name: Balearicaregulorum

English name: Grey Crowned Crane

Category: Gruiformes Gruidae

Distribution: Southern Africa and Eastern Africa

Habits: Inhabits in marshes, cultivated lands and grassy near river. They live in groups, move slowly but elegant. They are diurnal. These cranes are omnivores, eating plants, seeds, grain, insects, frogs, worms, snakes, small fish eggs of aquatic animals. The clutch size is 2-3, the incubation period is 28-31 days. They reach sexual maturity is 3-5 years old. Listed  Appendix Ⅱ of CITES.