白鹈鹕

2017-06-22 16:57:21 | 

白鹈鹕 Bai Ti Hu

 名:Pelecanus  onocrotalus

英文名:great white pelican

 类:鹈形目 鹈鹕科

 布:亚洲西南部、欧洲东南部和非洲的北部,在我国见于新疆西部天山,冬季偶见于海南和福建。

生活习性:行动缓慢而安静,好大群生活。多在开阔的河谷和三角洲地带活动。视力发达,不善于潜水。主食鱼类,有时也食两栖类、甲壳动物或鸟类,善捕鱼,食量惊人,每日约需1.5-2公斤食物。营巢于高大的乔木上,通常每窝产卵3-4枚,孵化期约40天。我国二级保护动物。

Scientific name: Pelecanus onocrotalus

English name: great white pelican

Category : Pelecaniformes  Pelecanidae

Distribution: Southwest Asia, in southeastern Europe and northern Africa. In our country in the western Tianshan mountains in Xinjiang, accidentally found in Hainan and Fujian in winter.

Habits: A social animal which lives in groups. Activities in the open valley and delta region. It is not good at diving and have a good vision. The diet of the great white pelican consists mainly of fish. In some situations they eat chicks of other birds. Great white pelicans also eat crustaceans, tadpoles and even turtles. Appetite is amazing, about 1.5-2 kilograms of food a day. Nesting on the tall tree, The clutch size is 3-4,the incubation period is about 40 days. Listed in Second Category of State Key Protected Wildlife List.