马鹿

2017-06-30 15:45:16 | 

马鹿Ma Lu

学 名:Cervus elaphus

英文名:Wapiti

分 类:偶蹄目鹿科

分 布:我国东北、西北等地,国外见于欧洲、中亚、亚洲北部等。

生活习性:生活于高山森林或草原地区,群居动物,感觉灵敏,善于奔跑和游泳,以各种草、树叶、嫩枝、树皮、果实等为食,喜欢舔食盐碱,9-10月发情交配,孕期为8个多月,每胎1仔,3-4岁性成熟,寿命约16-18年。马鹿为我国二级保护动物。

Scientific name:Cervus elaphus

English name:Wapiti

Category:Artiodactyia Cervidae

Distribution:Northeastern and Northwestern China, Europe, Mid-Asia, Northern Africa, etc.

Habits: Lives in herds in mountainous forests or grasslands. It is a very sensitive animal and good at running and swimming. It feeds on all kinds of grass, tree leaves, tender branches, cortex and likes to lick mineral salts. Its mating season is form September to October. The pregnancy period is about 8 months. Sexually maturing at 3-4 years old, and life span is 16 to 18 years. They’re second class national protected animals in China.